through government pamphlets. For over three millennia, the region has witnessed human activity 1 and one of the world's major civilizations, 2 3 4 5 the, indus Valley Civilisation. Archived from the original on 1 November 2009. Tensions escalated until Gandhi demanded immediate independence in 1942 and the British responded by imprisoning him and tens of thousands of Congress leaders. Retrieved 1 December 2007.
Kulke, Hermann; Dietmar Rothermund (1986). After the failure of the Cabinet Mission Plan, Jinnah called for Muslims to observe Direct Action Day to demand the creation of a separate Pakistan. The civilisation included urban centres such as Harappa, Ganeriwala and Mohenjo-daro as well as an offshoot called the Kulli culture (25002000 BCE) in southern Balochistan and was noted for its cities built of brick, roadside drainage system, and multi-storeyed houses. 138 According to this plan India would be kept united but would be heavily decentralized with separate groupings of Hindu and Muslim majority provinces. 222 Pacifists criticised and questioned Gandhi, who defended these practices by stating, according to Sankar Ghose, "it would be madness for me to sever my connection with the society to which I belong". Andrews, Gandhi stated that if we believe all religions teach the same message of love and peace between all human beings, then there is neither any rationale nor need for proselytisation or attempts to convert people from one religion to another. The British questioned the Congress party and Gandhi's authority to speak for all of India.
The British government responded quickly to the Quit India speech, and within hours after Gandhi's speech arrested Gandhi and all the members of the Congress Working Committee. Deadly religious riots re-appeared in numerous cities, with 91 in United Provinces of Agra and Oudh alone. Gandhi's image also appears on paper currency of all denominations issued by Reserve Bank of India, except for the one rupee note. 17 During his tenure, Karamchand married four times.