print papers, however, spent proportionately more time with the online newspapers' navigational features (specifically, the front pages). And, though the sample size is relatively small, participants in the pilot study are representative of a range of print paper-reading practices. Bryant,.; Vorderer,., eds. Implications of findings from the pilot study are discussed. Second, current and future research addresses and corrects inconsistencies and/or problems that were uncovered in pilot study measures and procedures. Many commentators note that moving newspapers online allows readers, writers, and publishers to interact more directly than ever before. These activities were audio- and videotaped.
This is a learning module for the class. Paper presented to the meeting of the International Communication Association, Boston,. This theory would then imply that the media compete against other information sources for viewers' gratification. Communication Research, 11(3 393-413. The application has been used to attain emotional support from others, look for advice on important decisions, and seek help to solve problems, satisfying the need to socialize, vent negative feelings, and connect with others. Fidler's Electronic News Panel is a better bet for the future than home shopping. The attraction of two different audience segments (audience members motivated by both surveillance and entertainment gratifications) to sports content may explain the popularity of WWW sports sites, and the sites' corresponding ability, in some cases, to charge for content.
The study is based on the uses and gratifications assumption of an active, goal-seeking audience selecting politics of crime control essays from various news media in order to achieve desired gratifications. Sundar Limperos (2013) write that what had been called the "audience" is now referred to as "users and "usage implies volitional action, not simply passive reception." 69 The active audience edit Among the most criticized tenets of uses and gratifications as theory is the assumption. Communication and emotion: Essays in honor of Dolf Zillmann. This study examined how social and psychological factors, including the need for activation, interact to produce different lifestyles and patterns of media use. Newspaper Research Journal, 14 (3 4 34 -. Mass communication theory: An introduction.
Why people use social media: a uses and gratifications approach
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